Exploring the Science of Skateboarding

Story • Chanelle Ignant | Photos • David Meza

The skate park at Richmond’s Nicholl Park became a physics classroom on a Wednesday in March, when an event called “The Science of Skateboard Physics” introduced local teens and young adults to the physics principles guiding the way they ride.

Hosted by the Teen Services Branch of the Richmond Public Library and the Richmond Recreation Department, the program attracted skaters of various ages and levels of experience.

Angela Cox, the event’s organizer and the Richmond Library’s teen librarian, says she hoped to help young skateboarders see the connection between science and their sport.

“A lot of times people think that physics is a course that is abstract, that has absolutely nothing to do with their lives,” she says. “But a lot of [the youth] are skateboarders and really want to learn how to perfect their techniques and do more difficult kinds of tricks.”

“If they know the principles of what allows them to balance, what allows them to do a certain spin or a certain move, then that’s physics. And there’s a connection between science and what they love to do,” she says.

While Cox handed out sports drinks and energy bars, over 50 attendees checked out the event’s main attraction: the Exploratorium’s mobile skate exhibit, on loan from the San Francisco-based museum. Inside, participants found their center of gravity while balancing on mock skateboards, and tested the speed and durability of skateboard wheels of varying widths.

Rider safety was also highlighted. Local skate instructor Ali Karayel led demonstrations on how to fall properly while riding and how to avoid major injuries.

Josue Hernandez, 22, says the event’s turnout is evidence of a growing skate culture in Richmond. “I would love to see this more often,” he said.

“I think it’s cool for the kids to know that people care about what they’re interested in,” said Jenea Brisby, who attended the event with her son.

Brisby had seen the mobile skate exhibit in San Francisco and was glad to see it brought to Richmond’s youth. “We shouldn’t have to go to San Francisco to enjoy things like this,” she said.

Major Jones, 22, has been skating for thirteen years and says he has considered the science behind the sport before, but was interested in learning more from the exhibit and hopes that events like this will spread awareness of the skate community in Richmond.

“I think skateboarders would make great scientists,” he said.

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Resident Reactions to the Richmond Housing Authority Investigation

Interviews • Edgardo Cervano-Soto | Photos • David Meza

Editor’s Note: The Richmond City Council convened a special meeting on March 12 to review the results of an independent investigation of  highly publicized accusations of neglect by the Richmond Housing Authority at the city’s public housing complexes. At the meeting, lead inspector Michael Petragallo of Sterling Company Inc.  presented the group’s findings from the five public housing properties that were assessed, including the Hacienda housing project, which was a focal point of the investigation.  The City Council voted for an evacuation of all residents of the Hacienda complex, which will cost the city roughly $500,000.  Richmond Pulse asked residents who attended the meeting to weigh in on the council’s decision.

4Terrence L. Griffiths, 57:

I am a resident at the Hacienda apartments… and I am here to protest the terrible conditions that I have been living in for the last three years. I am interested in seeing the Hacienda torn down and the residents be given vouchers to go to other Section 8 [housing] until something is done about that complete building site. That building has been here since the 1940’s and has all types of problems. The living conditions are so sub-standard, no one would want to live there. My own family won’t even come and visit me because the building is so deplorable, with roaches and rats. I am disabled and I don’t even have access to the elevators. What I would like to see is that all of the residents be moved out of that dinosaur building and [that it] be torn down and rebuilt with quality substance materials [so that we can] start off fresh. Then, as residents, if we’d like to come back into the new Hacienda, I think that should be our privilege.


5Mary Elizabeth Samson, 66:

I would hope the City Council would put their personal problems behind them and try to focus on the problems that we are having with our buildings. Personally, my apartment is in good shape — I am one of the lucky ones. I have a neighbor who has lived there (Nevin Plaza) since the 60’s. For the people who have lived there for that long, in order to get their apartment taken care of, painted, new carpet and stuff, they have to move out. If you are 80 something odd years old, you can’t pack and move. So when they told us they were going to be moving some of us and moving us out a few at a time, and refurbishing our apartments, we were ecstatic. We thought that was wonderful. That was sometime last year that they told us that. I don’t bite my tongue — I let the Housing Authority know there is something wrong and it needs to be fixed: “When can you come? When are you going to send somebody out?” And they did. But I’m nice about it; you have to be. My mom always said, “You can get more with honey than with vinegar.”


6William Taylor, 63:

What they need to do is get up off their behinds and admit to what they have done: took money and misused it, and that’s appropriating funds. Stop lying to the people that they are going to do something and it takes them ten years. It took five years for them to come out and fix some dangerous electric plugs and sockets in my apartment. I still have leaks and there is dust on the vents. If it’s cold and I turn the heat on, you can see the dust that comes out of the vent — straight into your room and into your lungs.  I have to use my CPAC machine at night for breathing because of all of this.  I cough up dust and stuff out of my lungs.  Before I came up here I had already put in a work order last week. There is only one person doing the work orders and she told me, “Mr. Taylor, we will get to your apartment tomorrow, and that’s a promise.” The person they had sent out to do my electricity blew the whole electrical system out.  So I had to get extension cords and run electricity from outside my apartment to the inside, to use my CPAC machine, and I was out of electricity for two days.


7Sybil J. Hill, 68:

We have been living in the same complex, 2400 Nevin Plaza for 8 years but it’s very difficult to sleep. We keep the fan and windows open and then take cough syrup to stay asleep. You can’t really function being a senior citizen. I’ve been coughing and sneezing just going out of my mind in there. I have asthma and bronchitis and it’s really bad for breathing in that place. They had a flood upstairs about two years ago and there is water that ran down my ceiling and down the side of the wall there. That stuff is still there. I have a difficult time with my health in that building.


8Sylvia Gray-White:

The City Council wants to try to get to the root of the problem on what’s going on at the Housing Authority. I worked for the Housing Authority for 18 years before I retired. Right before I retired they had a position available for a Housing Authority analyst, which would have been a perfect job for me because I had been working at the Housing Authority for 10 years at the St. John’s Apartments as the administrator there. So in total I had exactly 37 years of experience.  I had worked all those years but I never got a promotion at the Housing Authority… There’ve been so many people who are not experienced, without any Housing Authority experience, and [yet they] are assigned as supervisors. They want to hire their cronies — that’s what they do.

They need to remove these people now. I really believe they are stealing. I saw a report from the Center for Investigative Reporting that shows the person who works in Nevin Plaza, who is supposed to be the manager, has got [paid] $28,000 in overtime. Why? He is supposed to be on call for 24 hours. That’s his job. A lot of stuff is going on that we just don’t know, and they need to really look at the bank account… to see where the money actually goes.


3Francis Clam, 59:

This has gone a little bit too far.  I am suing them (RHA) for $556,000. They have asbestos, lead paint, they have mold.  People can’t breathe in the rooms, even the lady from Channel 5 came over and had to get out [of] there and said,“Open up the windows.” They couldn’t breathe, [they were] scared to get caught up in the elevator.

They (the Housing Authority) haven’t even told you they evicted a lady and she committed suicide there (in a complex).

First they should fire Tim Jones and Kathleen Jones and get them out the way. You got to get rid of the manager. If me and you did a job like this, no doubt we would have been fired a long time ago. And you see he is getting $187,000 plus a $31,000 raise. He is making more than the president of the United States. These people are dying; these are human lives… We talking about your life, my life, it could be my grandmother’s life. It’s a lot of money disappearing.

Transforming Richmond, One Park at a Time

Photo Essay • David Meza

Last month, Pogo Park, a nonprofit community effort to improve parks in the Iron Triangle neighborhood, hosted a tour of its project sites in Richmond for park department board members, their families and friends. It was the first in a series of tours that will take place in early 2014 that will give the community a look at new park and playground projects, and a chance to meet the people behind the work.

The tour began at Elm Playlot, where guests were shown a storyboard that documented the five-year journey to transform Elm Playlot into the first Pogo Park project. Guests then toured the park and saw the ongoing construction of a zip line, trike path, and “global village.”

The tour moved on to Pogo Park’s second project, Harbour-8 Park on the Richmond Greenway. Here, Pogo Park is working with local partners, including Gompers Guerrilla Garden, neighborhood gardeners, and building-trade studios, to develop a two-block section of the Greenway into a children’s park surrounded by gardens. Next, guests hopped on bikes provided by nonprofit Cycles of Change and rode to 23rd Street to view key nodes of Unity Park, a large-scale park on the Greenway that will be built in collaboration with multiple community-based organizations in Richmond.

Everyone then returned to the Greenway where they were served lunch. Richmond DJ Mr. Goodbeer provided the ambiance, with soulful tunes that hummed softly over the chatter of Pogo Park’s guests.

“The purpose of these tours is to get people out to our project sites, to see for themselves how five years of dreaming and planning is now being actualized,” says Sundiata Sidibe, Pogo Park’s communications director. “Many people have only read or heard about Pogo Park. But the way to really get a feel for our projects is to come out, tour the sites yourself, and talk directly with our team of local residents that are doing the work. These tours also provide an opportunity for key stakeholders in Richmond to discuss how we can collaborate to better serve the community.”

To reserve a spot on a tour, email Sundiata at sundiata@pogopark.org 

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In Richmond, Does Eating Healthy Depend On Where You Live?

by Luis Cubas

You know how the saying goes: “You are what you eat.” The problem is, we don’t always have a choice. In many parts of Richmond, organic and fresh foods can be quite hard to come by, yet junk food is abundant – a corner store or a fast food restaurant is never too far away. As a Bay Area news reporter from NBC recently put it, “Don’t get hungry in Richmond…”

Here’s a typical scenario: With little time and money available to get lunch, you rush to the nearest fast food restaurant to grab a hamburger. You decide to get the special deal of the day — a hamburger, fries and a large soda. As you quickly unwrap the delicious burger, the familiar smell fills your nose, urging you to take a bite. You quickly devour the hamburger. You head back to work, grateful for the quick and cheap meal. It’s practically a daily ritual.  Rarely if ever do you consider that the meals — so convenient in some ways – could be causing you harm.

“People don’t understand how junk food affects their bodies and their minds. They don’t care, because they don’t see the connection between their own success and their health,” says Doria Robinson, executive director of Urban Tilth and a third-generation Richmond resident. “We have a serious lack of healthy, affordable food in Richmond. There is only one grocery store and… liquor stores.”

Robinson’s organization, Urban Tilth, utilizes a number of strategies with the end goal of getting healthier food into the kitchens of Richmond and West Contra Costa County residents. “What we do is we grow food, sell it at different schools, give it away, take it to food banks, [and] we start community gardens so that you can just grow your own for free,” says Robinson.

The term “food desert” refers to areas that have poor acess to healthy and fresh food, usually in the form of full service grocery stores. The following map gives us a look at the grocery stores and food sources located throughout Richmond.

Screenshot 2013-11-18 00.29.05As we can see, even though there are a good number of small grocery stores in the area, most of them are concentrated in the heart of the city. A closer examination reveals that many of the city’s neighborhoods, such as North Richmond, stand out due to the fact that there are no grocery stores — or even fast food restaurants — in the area.

“There aren’t as many organic markets in low-income communities,” says Richmond resident, Alma Carrillo. “Organic food is expensive compared to fast food. Also, eating healthy is time consuming. Not many families have the time to prep meals. Families don’t have time to cook, period, because of work. Dollar-menu chicken sandwiches are way more convenient, and cheaper.”

Not surprisingly, in a world where fast food has replaced fresher and more nutritious meals, health conditions like obesity, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and diabetes have skyrocketed. As Robinson points out, “If you are surviving from packaged food (or) junk food, your stress levels are gonna be higher. Your response to stress is going to be more inefficient.”

Despite the significant obstacles, Robinson believes Richmond is headed towards a healthier future. “We have a group of people who are really interested (in promoting healthier foods)… We have an existing inventory of liquor stores, or small produce stores, that could be converted… We also have a lot of land that is cheap. So, if you look at all of those assets, you can think about actually getting to what we really need.”

On Dia de los Muertos, Memorializing a Neighborhood

Commentary, Edgardo Cervano-Soto

It was in 1987 when my mom, dad and two older sisters moved out of their apartment unit on South Van Ness and 22nd Street in San Francisco’s Mission District. The rent had become too expensive to afford, despite my dad holding down two full-time jobs as a dishwasher and a busboy, getting only a few hours of sleep a day. While he worked, my mom raised my sisters and cared for other family members’ children. For my parents, it wasn’t exactly the American Dream they had imagined.

And so, they followed the path traveled by many Latino immigrants before them who had settled in the Mission District — long a haven for refugees, exiles and newcomers – by searching for another place to call home. Taking a risk, they signed off on a loan and purchased a home just across the bay in San Pablo, where my youngest sister and I were born and raised. Yet throughout my childhood, the Mission remained a destination for our family. My tias and tios still lived there and we visited them frequently. For me, the Mission felt like home, despite the fact that it had never been mine.

22nd and Mission is where my mom sorted through boxes of plastic gold Holy Crosses and ceramic angels for our First Communion recuerdos. At Ritmo Latino, a neighborhood record store, my sisters introduced me to banda music, during our searches through racks of CD’s. At the corner of 24th and York is my favorite panaderia, La Panaderia Mexicana. To this day I stand motionless before its plexiglass storefront, staring at the conchaselotes, and the Salvadoran quesadillas. Then there is the neighborhood art: the moving La Lechuguera mural (now the La Llorona mural) by Juana Alicia, the amazing Maestrapeace mural on the Women’s Building, and the kinetic colors of Balmy Alley. I made sense of my identity through these images. But they are all fading now.

Those long familiar with the Mission had seen the gentrification coming. Family-owned, legacy businesses like the panaderias were replaced by hip (and expensive) clothing boutiques and upscale sandwich delis. It disturbed me to see the old eclectic Latino cafes morph into cyber-cafes with uncomfortably minimalist furniture and bone white walls. There were Latino shop owners who recognized that their culture was becoming kitsch, and that if they wanted to make it with the new crowd of young white professionals and techies, well, they were better off installing reproduced Frida prints, dressing their shop in papel picado and selling the experience of kitsch Mexican and Latino culture for all its trendy worth.

Today, evictions in the Mission are cutting into the community’s main artery. Rene Yañez and Yolanda Lopez, two of the neighborhood’s Chicano Art pioneers, are being evicted from their home of 35 years as a result of the Ellis Act, a provision in California rental law that allows owners to evict tenants in order to sell a property. The apartment occupied by Yañez and Lopez was under rent control — they were paying $450 a month — which allowed them to continue to afford living in the neighborhood.

Yañez and Lopez are, as performance artist Guillermo Gomez-Pena once said, “puro Chicano royalty.” Lopez’s, now in her seventies, is a trailblazing Chicana artist. Through her prints, collages, and drawings Lopez has honored the lives of Latina immigrant women, and denounced U.S colonialism, racism, and xenophobia. Yañez, now 71 and with bone cancer, is a stalwart in the Chicano Art scene. He co-founded the acting troupe Culture Clash, introduced a contemporary aesthetic to Dia de los Muertos artwork in the Bay Area, and has been a mentor to many emerging Latino artists. It seems a cruel irony that the Dia de los Muertos tradition Yañez brought to San Francisco is now a ghost of its former self – an appropriated and commercialized byproduct of the greed that is changing the city. Yañez’ legacy and the traditional intent of Dia de los Muertos – it is not Halloween, but an actual observance of loss — is being erased as large crowds of partygoers costume themselves as calaveras and drink beer.

In the same way the colors of the murals in the Mission District are fading, the culture of a community is at risk. On a recent visit, I picked up a flyer from the Mission Cultural Center for Latino Arts. I winced at their Dia de Los Muertos art exhibition theme: “La Llorona: Weeping the Life and Death of the Mission District.” I winced because the truth hurt: there is loss in the community, and I don’t know to reconcile that fact.

Q&A: Police Chief Magnus on ‘Predictive Policing,’ Wiretapping, Ceasefire

Interview by Edgardo Cervano-Soto

Richmond Pulse: Vehicle thefts and burglaries are down from last year. Why are these types of property crimes decreasing in Richmond?

Chief Magnus: I wish I could tell you that there is an exact cause and effect to it. Unfortunately that’s what makes the job so difficult, because it is so hard to attribute any one cause. But I do think there are a lot of different factors. We have worked hard over the years to engage the community in a partnership with us to report crime, to report suspicious circumstances that could be crimes in progress, things that merit a closer look. We have also worked to support neighborhood watch and neighborhood association groups, to put an even greater focus on crime prevention. We do a lot of engagement around helping people look out for each other, so we spend a lot of time talking with people about the point of getting to know their neighbors, about securing their homes and other property, about how we can basically take better care of each other and work together more effectively to reduce crime, and I think we are seeing some of the dividends from that.

RP: “Predictive policing” is one approach the police department has taken to preventing property crimes. What does that entail, and why do you think it can work in Richmond?

CM:  It’s just one more tool to help us use the resources that we do have more effectively. The whole idea behind predictive policing is that you look at where crime has occurred in the past. The underlying thought with predictive policing is that criminals are creatures of habit, and they tend to go back to the areas where they have a higher level of comfort — a neighborhood, perhaps, where they have already committed a crime, or a neighborhood they might even live in themselves. We try to use the data that we collect from calls of service and from reports that are taken, [which get] processed through an algorithm that was developed… to make predictions, based on time of day and location, for what areas might be vulnerable to certain types of property crime.

Officers on the day shift might have anywhere between 3 and 5 small boxes the size of basically a square block, that they are asked to go into a couple times during their shift, and get out of their cars and walk around; just keep their eyes open for anything unusual, with an understanding of the kind of crimes that have happened in the past in that area. So far we are pleased with how it seems to be working.

RP: What about neighborhoods where crimes are underreported? How can the algorithm predict the probability of crime in an underreported area?

CM: Any time you’re using data you are challenged with the underlying concept of “garbage in, garbage out”: If you don’t have good data in the first place — and in this case, it (the data) would be dependent on people reporting crimes — then it’s going to be hard to get good predictions. Which is one of the reasons why I don’t think predictive policing in a vacuum will be effective; it has to be done in a context where we are working to encourage people to become active in their neighborhoods and to report crimes, and [when we are] working to serve and do more outreach to traditional underserved populations in the community. So there has to be a real effort to ensure people are reporting crimes.

RP: What can you say to address concerns that predictive policing will unfairly profile certain neighborhoods?

CM: If the goal is to predict where crime might occur based on crime that is occurring now or has occurred in the past, I would think most neighborhoods would be very excited and frankly would desire to get that extra police attention. One of the frustrations that folks have in a community like Richmond, where we don’t have a huge amount of police staffing, is how do we use that staffing to have the greatest effect on crime reduction? I can’t have a cop everywhere at [the same] time or just send police out randomly to patrol neighborhoods. If I have limited resources, which I do, I think that the best thing I can do is give them the best available information about where crime is happening and what areas throughout the city need greater attention if we are going to reduce crime.

There has obviously been debate as well as legal cases in New York City about specific police tactics — we are not blindly following what anybody does in the field. We take our own path here in Richmond, based on several core principals, the first and foremost which is doing policing that is constitutional, that is legal, and that demonstrates respect for the community. One of our core principals is relationship building with the community, so the last thing we want to do is policing that is harmful, discriminatory, where people feel we are in their neighborhoods as an occupying force, where we are treating people poorly. Secondly, we want to do policing that is effective, especially having given the fact that we have limited resources. So we try to keep up with what’s going on in the field that works, and that’s part of the reason why we are trying predictive policing.

RP: Twenty-three people were recently arrested after a court approved wiretapping that involved the Ceasefire program.


 CM: Our priority with Ceasefire and with any of the other violence reduction activities that we are involved in is to stop the shootings and save lives. We start first of all with an accurate assessment that there is a relatively small group who are involved in a disproportionate number of shootings and really serious violence in the community. A good many of those individuals have relationships, albeit, loose knit at times, with each other. Some people refer to that in a more broad way as gangs, but I think that’s a little bit over-simplistic. In Richmond there are relationships that are very fluid and they change frequently. Our role is to figure out who those people are because by knowing that, that enables us to avoid profiling and enables us to avoid simply going into neighborhoods, for example, where there might be a disproportionate number of young men of color. Our goal is to focus on people that we know, through building intelligence, and through talking with people in the community.

The idea with Ceasefire is you have identified these people so then how do you engage them and say: Look, this has got to stop. We want you to live and you have a future. We don’t want you caught up in this kind of activity that’s either going to cause you to end up in the morgue or jail. So what can we do as a community to give you support, training, resources and other kinds of assistance to make a choice to get out of that particular lifestyle and do something different that will keep you from being involved in further shootings?

So that’s kind of half the Ceasefire equation. The other half is saying to that same group of individuals: OK, we know who you are and we know what you are doing. If you keep doing it and if you keep wreaking havoc on neighborhoods and keep killing each other or innocent people who get caught in the crossfire, if you keep doing things that are incredibly harmful to yourself and the community, there are going to be really serious consequences for that. Obviously, we prefer that you make the choice to get the services, take advantage of the support and move out of that lifestyle, but if you want to do things that are incredibly harmful to neighborhoods and people who live here in the community, then we are going to bring every legal consequence that we possibly can to stop you from doing what you are doing.


With the most recent police activity related to the wire, let me be clear, that was not driven by the idea, “here are a bunch of Ceasfire participants. Let’s go out and just start wiretapping their phones and building a criminal case against them.” It was based on very, very solid intelligence that was gathered over time that indicated that these were people who were actively involved in committing really serious crimes directed at each other, and the community was often caught in the crossfire. What we had to do was work with the district attorney’s office so we could get a court order to do those wiretaps.

 RP: What did the wire reveal?

CM: It is pretty chilling stuff. When you are hearing people talking about planning murders, planning to go out and kill people, and then you actually are able to catch them taking affirmative steps to do what they say they would be doing — in other words, you hear people say we are going to kill so and so at such a location — and then you stop a car and there are four people in it headed to that location, all with guns, I mean, that’s pretty scary stuff. This wire actually allowed us, I think, to save a number of lives. We would have significant number of additional homicides in this community if we had not been able to utilize (the wire).

I’m sure these tapes will become part of the evidence that will be heard in court and I think some of the folks that are critical of this sort of approach will find it very eye opening to hear some of the stuff that is being planned and directed among some of these young men. I think we really followed through with what we promised a number of these guys in the ceasefire program we would do. We told them, “We don’t want you to make the wrong choices but if you do, if you are continuing to go out and kill each other and continue to commit crimes that are harmful to others in the community…” We had a two-year-old infant that was shot. We had people, completely innocent, who were shot in this crazy back and forth retaliatory shooting. That is not acceptable. That has to stop and we told people that if you keep doing that, we mean business and there will be consequences. We certainly carried through on what we said we would do.

That said, over time people will see that the services are there and that the community’s desire to be supportive is genuine, and that there are consequences for continuing to be involved in committing shootings. Then the percentage of folks who make a better choice goes up. Ceasefire is a long-term project and it’s hard work — its hard work for the community, it’s hard work for the police, and it’s a delicate partnership because it’s hard for community and police to understand each other. It takes a lot of difficult conversations, a lot of thoughtful planning and analysis. We are doing our best. We are in it for the long haul, but it’s not easy.

Q&A: Mayor McLaughlin Talks Eminent Domain, Ecuador

Interview, RP Editors

RP: What do homeowners facing foreclosure in Richmond need to know right now about the city’s plan to invoke eminent domain?

Mayor Gayle McLaughlin: We call it the Cares Program or the Local Sensible Reduction Program because, first and foremost, we would like to continue to call on the banks to work with us, to cooperate with the City of Richmond to sell us these underwater mortgages, and to do it voluntarily in a cooperative way so that we don’t have to invoke the eminent domain process, although we hold open the option. We fully believe it’s within our legal rights to do so, to help our community.

We continue to have this ongoing housing crisis. Many of our neighborhoods continue to spiral downward. When one home goes into foreclosure, nine other homes are impacted. [Foreclosures] create blight in the neighborhood, and then all the property values of the neighborhood go down. That means less property tax revenue for the City of Richmond. It means more crime because blight attracts crime. And it also means that other homes… are more underwater than ever.

So this is an opportunity for the City to really acquire these loans, hopefully voluntarily, and work with the homeowner to reset it with a new loan, refinance a new loan with a lower principal. This way, families stay intact, neighborhoods stay intact, and people can continue to afford to stay in their home with a lower mortgage payment. They’ll have money in their pockets because of their lowered payments and visit our local businesses and help our local economy. They could improve their homes because they’re not in this desperate situation. So we think it’s a really valuable program.

RP: Once again, Richmond is making national headlines.

GM: Right now we’re in the process of really building a national movement. Just this morning I was in San Francisco at a meeting with two supervisors, because San Francisco is looking at joining us. We want cities to join us in a JPA — a Joint Powers Authority. And there are other cities in California looking at this: Oakland, Vallejo, El Monte. There are other cities across the nation like Newark, New Jersey, Long Island, New York, and Seattle. And Richmond has played a leading role. We got an article in USA Today, we have the Washington Post, New York Times, LA Times, MSNBC, CNBC, and we were on PBS News Hour. A lot of this is thanks to ACCE, the community group that’s really spreading the word on this. So, we’ve [received] a lot of attention and the idea is to build a national movement to put pressure on the banks that got the $1.2 trillion bailout. They (the banks) haven’t provided a solution and the federal government hasn’t provided a solution, so we’re stepping in with a common sense fix that will help everybody. It’ll help the housing market because we’ll be fixing a problem that continues to spiral down and impact the housing situation as a whole.

RP: What kind of timeframe do you see this being played out on?

GM: We didn’t really put forward a timeline as to when to come back to the council but I’m going to guess that within the next couple of months, staff will have moved forward (with the creation of a JPA) and in the meantime I am reaching out to other cities to actually join this JPA. So even as staff is creating the paperwork to make a JPA structure possible, we still have to have cities officially join it. So I would say that in the next couple of months I hope we have at least a couple of partners, we’ll have some updates on the liability issue. We feel we’re moving forward step by step, cautiously but firmly, because we have to.

One of the other points I wanted to mention is that we won a lawsuit recently. Even though the city has done nothing as far as eminent domain at this point, Wells Fargo and Deutche Bank attempted to sue the city [on the grounds that] we were considering it. And the court said (to the banks), you can’t do that. So those banks got negated in their attempts to stop us. At this point though, they’re still trying very hard and we want to be able to move forward and again, we hope that the banks open their eyes and say, hey, this is a good thing and join us in a cooperative way. But we maintain our right to consider eminent domain if necessary.

RP: What do you say to critics who claim the move would hurt the city financially in the long run by dissuading potential investors and damaging credit?

GM: The threats that Wall Street and their lobbyists have made to Richmond to restrict credit are totally illegal. I mean, what they’re talking about is redlining. We went through that years ago, and we fought battles to stop redlining of communities where credit had been restricted. We overcame that, and we can’t go back in history. We won’t. There’s laws on the books, and in fact, there are civil rights firms that have engaged with the City of Richmond in saying that they’d be happy to defend us if any of these practices actually get implemented, because they understand that this is a civil rights issue. In Richmond, 70 percent of our community is people of color. To restrict credit to the City of Richmond — either to people who want to move within the city or to people who want to move into Richmond — brings us right to the civil rights issue of redlining that was fought years ago. So, we’re prepared to do whatever is necessary, but we actually don’t think they will act in that way. We think it’s a lot of bluster and threats to scare people, and that’s what they’ve been doing.

These banks and these lobbyists are trying to scare, and they have managed to scare some on the Richmond council. A couple council members in particular have kind of backed away from this, and there are other people in the community.

But, by far, the larger number of community members are in favor of this. I get so many emails, hard copy letters and phone calls from people in Richmond, and from people all around the country, who think this is really a sound, innovative solution. So I say to the critics who claim that this is going to cause us harm: that would be illegal, it would be immoral, and we would fight that.

Richmond Pulse: Switching gears now, why did you recently visit Ecuador, and what did you see there?

GM: I was invited (by government officials) to go to Ecuador to see the contaminated areas of the amazon rain forest. It was a wonderful trip… so profoundly important and informative. I saw some of the worst (environmental) damage. The Ecuadorian Rain Forest is just a beautiful area and to see [a] pit filled with sludge — this thick, oily sludge — was just really tragic.

I also had a chance to [have] conversations with the indigenous folks that were impacted by this horrible contamination. There are something like 1,000 open pits in the rain forest where there is sludge and contaminated water from Chevron-Texaco’s processing and drilling. I think it was throughout the ’80s and early ’90s that this contamination was just haphazardly thrown into the rain forest, thrown into these pits, without any lining. They also dropped the crude oil. This was a deliberate spilling onto the roads and into the rivers and streams. [The waste] in these pits has seeped down into the water table, into the ground water, and this impacted the lives of the indigenous people who lived [there], who drank the water, washed their clothes, did their dishes, did their cooking, and fished in the rivers and streams. So now they have a huge outbreak of cancer, a huge outbreak of birth defects and miscarriage, and they can no longer live in the areas where they lived.

To see it up close in person and to talk with these folks in their homeland made a big impression on me. I’d engaged with some of these [communities] over the last ten years — they’ve worked with Amazon Watch in the Bay Area — so I knew of the horrors they had suffered and I also knew that they had sued Chevron-Texaco. Texaco did the damage but (then) Chevron and Texaco merged, so Chevron Corporation is responsible for cleaning up the rain forest. I felt a strong commitment to share with them the problems we’re having… you know, we’re suing Chevron as well in the City of Richmond for the damage that they have done to our community by way of the fire of 2012. So the solidarity with the people of Ecuador… it’s the start of an international coming together, holding oil companies accountable for the damage they do to communities everywhere.

We’ve been in touch with the Nigerian community about the damage that Chevron has done to them. We’ll be having an event in mid-October and in fact, some of the indigenous people (from Ecuador) will be coming to Richmond… and although we can’t bring the indigenous folks from Nigeria at this point, we will have some representatives from the Bay Area who work with them. We think it’s a real important step to a hold oil companies and, really, corporations in general, accountable for the damage they do.

RP: What did the people in Ecuador want to learn from you?

GM: They were very, very interested. I had a day and a half of media interviews, on their TV with the translator, and radio and print interviews. They heard about the 2012 fire at the Chevron refinery in Richmond, and they wanted to know a couple things: how [the fire] had impacted our community, and what I thought of the contamination of the rain forest. It meant a lot to them that we also were standing up to this big corporation.

Richmond Forges Ahead with First-in-the-Nation Plan to Seize Underwater Mortgages

News Report • Anna Challet

Richmond will move forward with its plans to seize underwater mortgages using eminent domain, raising the stakes in a test case of whether a city can take on Wall Street and rescue troubled homeowners on its own.

“The City of Richmond and our residents have been badly harmed by this housing crisis,” said Mayor Gayle McLaughlin, at a city council meeting on September 10. “Many in our community have been targeted for predatory loans, too many have already lost their homes from foreclosures, and all of Richmond has suffered with home values that have plummeted nearly 60 percent, and of course that means a reduction in property tax revenue for the city.”

While the foreclosure crisis is over and the housing market rebounding, the recovery is uneven, with many homeowners still affected. About half of Richmond’s homeowners are under water, according to City Manager Bill Lindsay. Cities like Richmond, with many African American and Latino homeowners, were among those hardest hit by the foreclosure crisis, owing in part to banks having been more likely to target these communities for subprime loans.

“Banks got bailed out – how come not the city of the people who bought the homes? We need to get bailed out too. We’re low-income, moderate-income people working hard,” said Richmond resident Patty Castillo, whose mortgage is currently under water, meaning the balance owed on the home is less than the property’s current market value.

Castillo and her husband bought their Richmond home in 2005 for $420,000 and have seen its value plummet to $125,000. Adding to their troubles, they have an interest-only loan and are worried because their mortgage payments are about to start increasing at the end of the year.

While other local governments have considered the use of eminent domain (whereby a government seizes private property for public use) for the purpose of helping underwater homeowners, and several members of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors have expressed support for the plan, Richmond is alone in its decision to move forward. North Las Vegas and San Bernardino decided against the option after facing heavy opposition from financial institutions and realtors.

“We’re really the only city right now that is on board with the program, and that has been difficult,” Lindsay said at the meeting, after advising the council that they had to consider whether the plan could have negative financial consequences for the city, such as loss of access to credit.

Despite facing a lawsuit brought by huge banks like Wells Fargo, as well as warnings from a powerful trade group representing banks and asset management companies, that future Richmond borrowers could find themselves unable to obtain mortgage loans, the City Council finally voted at close to two in the morning to go ahead with its controversial plan for keeping people in their homes.

Earlier this year, Richmond partnered with advisory firm Mortgage Resolution Partners (MRP) and created a principal reduction program known as Richmond CARES (Community Action to Restore Equality and Stability). In July, the city sent letters to over 30 banks and mortgage servicers offering to buy over 600 mortgages that were determined to be at high risk of default.

The city would purchase the mortgages at a discount according to their fair market value as determined by an independent appraiser, and then would restructure the loans with the help of MRP in order to help homeowners avoid foreclosure. In the event that mortgage holders refuse the offers, the city would consider seizing the mortgages through eminent domain.

If it succeeds, it could make history. But, some residents are worried that Richmond’s strategy could do the city financial harm in the long run.

Doria Robinson, a third generation Richmond resident, supports the council’s decision to move forward and explore the use of eminent domain.

“We’ve looked to the federal government for answers, for guidance, for leadership, and they bailed the banks out,” she said. “We’ve looked for banks to offer homeowners the opportunity to reduce their principal or reduce their interest rates or do anything, and they’ve mostly just shuffled people along, giving them paperwork, losing their paperwork.”

But then there are homeowners like Bea Roberson, who worries that the plan will result in lower property values across the city, and that MRP is misleading Richmond and stands to profit from the program at the expense of homeowners.

“Everyone’s talking about greedy Wall Street people – well, what do you think MRP is?” she said.

Megan Roberts, another Richmond homeowner, disagrees. She’s not underwater but supports the principal reduction plan as a way for others to find relief.

“If the banks were offering some decent deals … lowering the principal on these homes, it would be a whole different story. But the fact of the matter is that they haven’t done that,” she said.

The plan has gained the support of an alliance of fair housing and community groups, including Housing and Economic Rights Advocates (HERA) in Oakland and the California Reinvestment Coalition.

At the City Council meeting, HERA Executive Director Maeve Elise Brown slammed the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), which has threatened to disinvest in cities that seize properties through eminent domain. FHFA is the regulator of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, quasi public-private agencies that guarantee most of the home loans backed by government – which is close to 90 percent of all new mortgages nationwide.

Brown says that the FHFA’s statements are “very disturbing” and amount to “unlawful discrimination under the federal Fair Housing Act and the Equal Credit Opportunity Act.”

Doria Robinson thinks the reaction of the financial sector to Richmond’s plan is to be expected. “For [mortgage holders] to begin bullying Richmond, a small town, and threatening us with all kinds of things that seem to be illegal is not a surprise,” she said.

UPDATE: On September 16, District Judge Charles Breyer granted Richmond’s motion to dismiss Wells Fargo’s request for a preliminary injunction that would have blocked the city from potentially using eminent domain to seize the underwater mortgages. Breyer’s decision is based on the fact that Richmond has not yet taken any action to use eminent domain – his ruling states that Wells Fargo’s claims are “not ripe for adjudication.”

Malcolm Marshall contributed reporting.

Housing Fair Looks to Aid Troubled Homeowners and Hopeful Buyers

News Report • Donny Lumpkins and Peter Schurmann

For years Gregory Greer has gotten up in the early morning hours to make the 15-mile trip from his home in Vallejo to his job as a property manager in nearby Richmond. A renter, Greer and his wife, Wynona, say owning a home in Richmond would be an “answer to our prayers.”

The pair recently attended a workshop in Richmond offering homeowners and potential first-time homebuyers like the Greers advice on everything from securing loans to home maintenance and managing foreclosures.

“I deal with several buildings here in Richmond … I’m working on a lot of homes so I would like to have my own,” says Greer, noting that a home in Richmond would allow him to spend more time with his family. “A new home would mean stability, happiness and a piece of the American Dream.”

Co-sponsored by the City of Richmond and the NID Housing Counseling Agency, the 2013 Housing Resource Fair was held on June 15 at the Richmond Memorial Auditorium & Convention Center and drew a large crowd of attendees.

“Services are here on site for any distressed homeowner needing assistance with their property,” says Nancy Rivera, senior housing counselor with NID, which works to improve the quality of life for low-income residents in cities across the country. “Attendees can get one-on-one assistance for possible loan modifications … we also have classes for first-time home buyers.”

Vendors, including Home Depot, Chase and Wells Fargo were also on hand to answer questions and provide information.

“Visitors have the opportunity to get down payment assistance, to talk to different servicers for possible loans and to local real estate agents,” explained Rivera.

The city of Richmond is still reeling from the effects of the recent foreclosure crisis. A report released last month by the social justice group Association of Californians for Community Empowerment (ACCE) revealed that 900 Richmond families lost their homes in 2012 and that 4,600 local homeowners were underwater on their mortgages by about $700 million.

The Contra Costa Times recently reported that a coalition of city leaders and housing rights advocates is moving forward with a plan to use eminent domain to help the city’s distressed homeowners. The plan, which would be the first such in the country, calls for the city to purchase distressed mortgages from lenders and refinance them for current owners at lower rates.

And while opponents, including the local Chamber of Commerce and the banking industry, warn the plan would dry up existing credit and could plunge the city further into crisis, supporters say it would help balance the scales in favor of homeowners.

“The people who peddled loans to us no longer cared if the loans succeeded,” Amy Schur told the paper. “They don’t lose when we lose … and often loan servicers actually do better when we fail, when we foreclose.”

Patrick Lynch is the director of Richmond’s office of Community Housing and Development. He says that while his office is working to “stabilize the neighborhood,” lingering high unemployment – currently at 11 percent – and credit card debt impede the ability of many residents to transition from renting to owning.

NID’s Rivera says such issues make it all the more critical that people are equipped with the necessary information.

Mike and Kimberly Hill purchased their Richmond home in 1999 and attended the fair hoping to get information on how to lower the interest rate on their loan.

“We’re trying to find outside resources to work with us,” says Mike Hill, noting that to date Wells Fargo, which holds the loan on their home, has refused to cooperate. Both he and his wife say they were victims of predatory lending. “A lot of people are in this situation and [the banks] are just telling us to wait and maybe we’ll qualify for another program.”

The Hills say they’ve had to navigate a dizzying maze of financial and legal advisors as they seek help holding onto their home. “When you have to get an attorney to help deal with the bank, you have to ask whether the attorney is reputable or if they’re simply after your money.”

The Hills were eventually directed to a refinancing program at the event, though they remain skeptical about the bank’s willingness to lower the rate. “We’re still making the payments … but the rate just keeps rising, and it’s going to keep rising until it reaches that point where it’s no longer affordable.”

Fountain Brings Fresh Water to Thirsty Kids at Elm Playlot

News Report • Edgardo Cervano-Soto

It took five years of community organizing, government meetings, and filling out grant applications, but the Elm Playlot on 7th and Elm Street is on track to become one of the most innovative parks in the City of Richmond.

Pogo Park, a grassroots non-profit in Richmond, has been overseeing the project and working with residents to rebuild this small city park, located in the Iron Triangle neighborhood, that has for so long been beset by violence, poverty and neglect – and even seemingly small improvements can make a big difference.

Earlier this month, residents celebrated the installation of a filtered water fountain at Elm Playlot, an event that brought out local families, community partners and city officials. The groundbreaking ceremony for the new fountain gave community members a glimpse of the progress Pogo Park has made so far, and a better idea of what lies ahead. A large banner featured illustrations of the new park design, including features that were developed by neighborhood residents.

“Our vision at Pogo Park is to create these superlative and phenomenal parks,” said Toody Maher, executive director of Pogo Park. “We want [residents], the moment they walk through the gate, to be entering an oasis of health.”

It is spacious, with five trees providing shade over most of the park grounds. There are sandboxes, a tetherball area and a field for sports. The tetherball pole is actually cemented to a tire, and tree stumps serve as chairs. There are tents that can be easily collapsed, and floor mats. Large, rolling plastic balls are spread out in various places. Given it’s unique features, Maher refers to Elm Playlot as a “pop-up park.”

“It’s a great park for the children that live near by,” says Carmen Avalos, 60, in Spanish. This day, Carmen is watching over her grandson as he runs around the playground. She wears glasses and a flowery patterned top with large pockets on the lower end of her shirt, where she stores a children’s “sippy cup” of water. “A water fountain is great because they say tap water is healthier than bottled water,” says Carmen. “It’s a marvel for the children.” Carmen has lived in Richmond for 15 years and has been actively attending the community meetings at Pogo Park.

On a bench next to the small central field sits Doris Mason, 65, watching a pair of young people play hit and catch with a softball. Ms. Mason, or Mother Mason, as she is known in the neighborhood, is a community outreach liaison for Pogo Park. She has lived in Richmond for 25 years, and believes the water fountain can have a profound impact on the health of the community’s youth. “This water fountain will encourage the children to drink more water. They need their bodies to be hydrated. This water fountain, this park, is significant for them.”

Arriving park goers stop by to say hello to Mother Mason. Clearly, she is a fixture in the Iron Triangle. Her relationship to the community and her role as a surrogate grandmother to many people in the neighborhood, she said, is her strength. “Our young people don’t have grandparents, so as a seasoned resident, me and others, we serve as surrogates. We make sure everything is safe out here as they play, and not only play, but we interact with them,” she added.

Children gather around the tetherball area to watch a match between two players. It is apparent from the adults I speak to and the murals in the park, that the wellbeing of the neighborhood’s children is the focus of the park redesign. I try interviewing some of the children, but they are shy. One youth, Jeremiah Daly, 11, requests to be interviewed. I ask him about the water fountain. “I drink water like maybe five times a day,” and so do his friends, he confirmed.

A Pogo Park staff member began to call everyone over for the water fountain installation ceremony. Maher introduced representatives from the Native American Health Center, who performed a ritual. After the blessing, the children were invited to drink water from the fountain. As a line formed beside a colorful mural depicting the origin of Richmond’s tap water in the Sierra Mountains, water canteens were passed out to the children, who filled them up with the filtered water. “Everyone is trying to figure out how to make kids drink water and not sugar beverages. We decided to make drinking water like theater,” explained Maher.

With steps leading to the tap one side, and no steps on the other side, Maher said the fountain was designed and built by Pogo Park with both adults and children in mind. As if part of the mural itself, the blue colors of a river decorate the fountain.

Groundbreaking on the rest of the park redesign will begin later this year.

“Our only agenda for Pogo Park is that children must play to be healthy,” said Maher.